The conflict in adolescent dating relationships inventory
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree master of Arts in Psychology.
Years of education by young adulthood was significantly reduced in children with lower early reading skills, lower social acceptance, and higher attention difficulties; these early child characteristics affected long-term academic outcomes indirectly through their impact on intermediate academic outcomes. In this study, we test a developmental hypothesis about the origins of this for better and for worse Gene Intervention interaction (GI): that the observed GI effect on adult psychopathology is mediated by the proximal impact of intervention on childhood externalizing problems and adolescent substance use and delinquency.
Abstract Objective: This randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of early intervention to prevent adult psychopathology and improve well-being in early-starting, conduct-problem children.
Method: Kindergarteners (n=9,594) in 3 cohorts (1991-93) at 55 schools in 4 communities were screened for conduct problems, yielding 979 early-starters.
We tested whether variants of the glucocorticoid receptor gene NR3C1 were associated with differences in response to the Fast Track intervention.
We found that in European-American children, a variant of NR3C1 identified by the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs10482672 was associated with increased risk for externalizing psychopathology in control group children and decreased risk for externalizing psychopathology in intervention group children.
Reading achievement after fifth grade was significantly higher in children with better early reading skills and significantly lower in children with early attention difficulties. Half of the enrolled children were randomly assigned to receive 10 years of treatment, with a range of services and resources provided to the children and their families, and the other half to usual care (controls).
Results show that the same pattern of for better and for worse susceptibility to intervention observed at the age 25 follow-up was evident already during childhood. Evidence from a genetic analysis of the Fast Track randomized control trial.Little is known about intervening processes that explain how prevention programs improve particular youth antisocial outcomes.We examined whether parental harsh discipline and warmth in childhood differentially account for Fast Track intervention effects on conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and callous-unemotional (CU) traits in early adolescence.Participants included 891 high-risk kindergarteners (69 % male; 51 % African American) from urban and rural United States communities who were randomized into either the Fast Track intervention (n=445) or non-intervention control (n=446) groups.The 10-year intervention included parent management training and other services (e.g., social skills training, universal classroom curriculum) targeting various risk factors for the development of conduct problems.