Martial arts and dating
To improve readability, info is sometimes repeated. Practically nothing is known about Bodhidharma or his teachings.
Written principally as a “Daruma Primer” for students & teachers of art history. = Pútídámó 菩提達磨, Dámó, Damo, Tamo Jp = Daruma 達磨, Bodaidaruma 菩提達磨Jp. = Dalma, Talma 달마Tibetan = Bodhidharmottāra or Dharmottāra; considered an Arhat. Early Chinese texts provide scant information, except to say he was a pious monk from Indian who came to China and introduced a form of meditation that involved “gazing at cave walls.” Only one of the ten texts DEFINITIONS: In the early part of the 20th century, a great cache of manuscripts dating to China's Tang period (618-907), were discovered in Dunghuang, China.
= Eka), is so eager to become Bodhidharma’s student that he stands outside the cave in the snow and waits one whole week for the master’s attention and then Huìkě cuts off his own left arm and presents it to the master to demonstrate his determination to attain enlightenment (this scene is also represented in artwork). Despite two unsuccessful attempts by rivals to poison Bodhidharma, the sage knowingly takes poison on their third attempt, and dies at the age of 150.
CONFUSION: A 5th-century monk from Kashmir named Dharmatrata has been confused with Bodhidharma, with Dharmatrata's lineage becoming Bodhidharma's lineage -- the result? The lack of robust historical evidence concerning Bodhidharma, paradoxically, is offset by countless legends about this sage.
Bodhidharma himself is known in Tibet as Bodhidharmatrata. Legends come in two varieties -- the orthodox Chinese version, and the far more fanciful Japanese version.
During that time, Japanese legend also credits Bodhidharma with plucking out (or cutting off) his eyelids.
Apparently he once fell asleep during meditation, and in anger, he cast them off.