Atomic accelerator dating
There are two primary roles for particle accelerators in medical applications: the production of radioisotopes for medical diagnosis and therapy, and as sources of beams of electrons, protons and heavier charged particles for medical treatment.
The wide range of half-lives of radioisotopes and their differing radiation types allow optimization for specific applications.
The particle source provides the particles, such as protons or electrons, that are to be accelerated.
The beam of particles travels inside a vacuum in the metal beam pipe.
Linear accelerators propel particles along a linear, or straight, beam line.
Circular accelerators propel particles around a circular track.
Particle physics, also called high-energy physics, asks basic questions about the universe.
Los Alamos National Laboratory helped develop linear accelerators for electrons, now the workhorses of external-beam therapy.
On a basic level, particle accelerators produce beams of charged particles that can be used for a variety of research purposes.
There are two basic types of particle accelerators: linear accelerators and circular accelerators.
Particle accelerators play an important role in national security, including cargo inspection, stockpile stewardship and materials characterization.
Early applications of accelerators to inspect nuclear fuels used commercial low-energy electron linear accelerators to induce photo-fission reactions.